Can You Compost Tissues?

  • By: Sam Richards
  • Date: August 4, 2023
  • Time to read: 10 min.

The topic of composting has soared in popularity in recent years and for a good reason. It offers an effective method for transforming waste materials into a rich, organic supplement for our gardens. It not only reduces the amount of waste that we send to landfill but also allows us to give back to the earth in a genuinely beneficial way.

Among the many materials we toss out daily, one item that often raises eyebrows when it comes to composting is tissues. We use them ubiquitously, whether it’s to dry our hands, clean up spills, or for personal hygiene purposes. It’s an organic product made from wood pulp, and intuitively, one might assume that it should be safe for composting.

However, the question is not as straightforward as it seems. A myriad of factors come into play, from the kind of tissue we are talking about to what it was used for and the specific contents it may now carry.

This article aims to dissect the question, “Can you compost tissues?” in all its complexity. We will delve into the nature of tissues, explore the factors that influence their compostability, and weigh the pros and cons of adding them to your compost pile. We will provide guidance on best practices for composting tissues and suggest alternatives for those who might prefer other eco-friendly options. By the end, our goal is to leave you well-informed and prepared to make sustainable choices in your journey toward waste reduction and environmental stewardship.

Tissues: An In-Depth Overview

Tissues, in their various forms, have become indispensable in our daily lives. From kitchen tissues that clean up food spills to facial tissues that provide a soft touch during a bout of the cold or flu, they serve many practical functions. However, to fully comprehend whether these common items are suitable for composting, we need to examine what they are made of and the potential environmental impacts of their use.

Tissues are predominantly made from virgin wood fibers, processed into a soft, absorbent pulp. The specific type of wood used, along with the extraction and processing methods, can vary between manufacturers and even between different products within a brand’s lineup. The soft, strong, and absorbent properties we appreciate in tissues result from these manufacturing processes, often involving mechanical and chemical procedures.

Beyond the raw materials, tissues often contain additives that enhance their properties. Bleaching agents, for instance, are used to give tissues their clean, white appearance. Some tissues might contain dyes for aesthetic purposes, especially those with patterns or colors. Moreover, synthetic binders may be added for extra strength, and lotions or emollients for a smoother feel, especially in tissues intended for personal hygiene use.

When tissues are used, they often become carriers of whatever they were used to clean up or wipe off. This can include anything from makeup to motor oil, and from simple dust to biological matter like mucus. These additional substances can play a significant role in determining whether or not a tissue can be safely composted.

Understanding the environmental implications of tissue usage is also critical. The production of tissues from virgin wood fibers contributes to deforestation, while the chemicals used in their manufacture can have harmful environmental effects. On the other hand, tissues are disposable item, designed for single use and then discarded, contributing to waste generation. With these considerations in mind, it becomes clear why the question of composting tissues holds significance in our quest for more sustainable living practices.

The Compostability of Tissues: An In-depth Analysis

At a glance, tissues may seem like a perfectly compostable material. After all, they primarily consist of natural cellulose fibers derived from wood. However, as with many aspects of sustainability and waste management, the reality is a bit more nuanced.

To start with the basics, tissues, in their pure form, are indeed compostable. They are made from organic matter that can be broken down by the microbial activity within a compost pile, eventually transforming into nutrient-rich compost. This natural degradation process aligns with the fundamental principle of composting, which seeks to mimic and accelerate nature’s way of recycling organic materials.

However, some crucial factors can significantly impact the compostability of tissues. The additives and chemicals introduced during tissue manufacturing can be a source of concern. Tissues that contain bleach, dyes, or synthetic binders may leave unwanted residues in your compost. While some of these additives might degrade over time, others could persist, potentially affecting the quality of your compost and the health of your garden.

The second crucial factor lies in what the tissue has been used for. Tissues contaminated with oil, grease, chemicals, or potentially harmful biological material could introduce unwanted elements into your compost. This is particularly true for tissues used by someone with a contagious illness, as composting such tissues could risk spreading the disease.

Furthermore, tissues tend to have a slower decomposition rate compared to other compostable materials such as vegetable peels or coffee grounds. This is because the wood fibers in tissues are designed to be strong and resistant, which makes them less readily broken down by composting microorganisms. However, this does not mean they cannot be composted, but rather that they may require a longer composting period or specific composting conditions.

In essence, while tissues can technically be composted, several factors need to be considered. The type of tissue, what it was used for, and the particular conditions of your composting setup all play a role in determining whether composting tissues is a viable and beneficial practice for you.

The Pros and Cons of Composting Tissues: A Detailed Perspective

Understanding the advantages and potential drawbacks of composting tissues is crucial in making an informed decision about incorporating this practice into your household waste management routine.


Composting tissues offers several significant benefits. One of the foremost advantages is waste reduction. Given the single-use nature of tissues, they can contribute substantially to household waste. By composting them, you can divert a significant amount of material from the landfill, aligning with sustainability goals and eco-conscious living.

When tissues break down, they also add valuable organic matter to your compost. They can help create a balanced compost mix by serving as a source of ‘browns’—carbon-rich materials that provide essential food for composting microbes and help maintain the right moisture level.

Additionally, composting tissues could provide an effective way of handling bio-waste like mucus or saliva, especially when you have a fully functioning composting system capable of reaching high temperatures. This could further reduce the risk of disease transmission.


Despite these benefits, composting tissues isn’t without potential downsides.

One significant concern is the potential for introducing harmful substances into your compost. Tissues often contain additives like bleach or dyes, and if these aren’t entirely compostable, they could leave residues in your compost that may not be beneficial to your plants.

Secondly, tissues used for certain purposes, such as wiping up oil or cleaning chemicals, or by individuals with contagious diseases, could introduce unwanted elements into your compost. This could impact the microbial balance within your compost pile or even pose health risks.

Moreover, tissues are relatively slow to decompose, especially when compared to other compostable materials. This means that adding a significant amount of tissues to your compost bin might slow down the overall composting process.

Finally, not all composting systems may be suitable for composting tissues, particularly those that don’t reach high temperatures. If your composting setup is a cold or low-temperature system, composting tissues might not be the best choice.

In conclusion, while composting tissues can contribute to waste reduction and provide organic matter for your compost pile, it is essential to consider the potential drawbacks. You should assess the type of tissues, their usage, and your composting setup to make an informed decision.

Best Practices for Composting Tissues: A Comprehensive Guide

When it comes to composting tissues, not all situations are created equal. Certain practices can increase the safety and effectiveness of the process. Below are detailed guidelines to help you compost tissues in a way that is beneficial to both your compost pile and the wider environment.

  1. Assess the Tissue Usage: The first step is to consider what the tissue has been used for. Tissues used to clean up water-based substances or to blow your nose (assuming no one in the household has a contagious illness) are generally safe for composting. On the other hand, avoid composting tissues that have been in contact with oil, or chemicals, or used by someone with an infectious disease.
  2. Choose Your Tissues Wisely: Try to use tissues that contain fewer additives and chemicals. For example, tissues that are unbleached or free from synthetic binders and fragrances are a more environmentally-friendly choice. These will break down more effectively in a compost heap and reduce the risk of adding harmful substances to your compost.
  3. Hot Composting is Best: Hot composting systems, which reach higher temperatures due to increased microbial activity, are more effective at breaking down materials and killing off potential pathogens. They’re particularly suited for composting tissues as the higher temperatures can kill any germs. If your composting setup doesn’t reach these high temperatures, it may be better to dispose of tissues another way.
  4. Shred Tissues Before Adding: Tearing up the tissues into smaller pieces before adding them to your compost heap will speed up the decomposition process. Smaller pieces provide a larger surface area for composting microbes to work on, thus accelerating their breakdown.
  5. Balance Your Compost: Remember, composting is a balanced process that requires a mix of ‘greens’ (nitrogen-rich materials like vegetable peels) and ‘browns’ (carbon-rich materials like dry leaves or paper). Tissues count as ‘browns’, so make sure to maintain a good balance between these two types of materials to keep your compost pile healthy and efficient.

By adhering to these best practices, you can compost tissues in a way that benefits your compost pile while minimizing potential downsides. The key is being aware of what kind of tissues you’re composting, what they’ve been used for, and how you’re adding them to your compost pile.

Alternatives to Tissue Composting: Exploring Other Sustainable Options

While composting tissues can be a viable option for some, it might not suit everyone’s circumstances or comfort level. If you have concerns about composting tissues or if your composting setup isn’t suitable for handling this material, there are several other sustainable options worth exploring.

  1. Recycled Paper Tissues: Choosing tissues made from recycled paper can help reduce the demand for virgin wood pulp, thus contributing to forest conservation. While recycled paper tissues may still have additives, the overall environmental footprint is often lower. However, it’s important to note that recycling paper is a process that also uses resources and produces waste, so it’s not a perfect solution.
  2. Bamboo Tissues: Bamboo grows much faster than trees, making it a more sustainable raw material for tissue production. Tissues made from bamboo are becoming more widely available and could be a greener choice. Keep in mind, though, that like recycled paper tissues, bamboo tissues can also contain additives and go through energy-intensive manufacturing processes.
  3. Cloth Alternatives: If you’re open to a more significant lifestyle change, consider swapping disposable tissues for reusable cloth alternatives. Handkerchiefs, for instance, can replace facial tissues for many uses. Similarly, reusable cleaning cloths can take the place of paper towels in the kitchen. Using these cloth alternatives reduces waste and resource consumption, but they do require regular washing, which has environmental impacts.
  4. Compostable Tissues: Some companies are now producing tissues specifically designed to be compostable, often made from organic and untreated materials. While this can be a more expensive option, it can be an excellent choice for those keen to compost but concerned about the potential issues with standard tissues.
  5. Proper Disposal: If none of these alternatives seem feasible, the least you can do is dispose of your tissues properly. If composting isn’t an option, and your local recycling facility doesn’t accept tissues, the best course of action is usually to put them in your regular household waste, where they will go to landfill.

Exploring these alternatives to tissue composting can allow you to choose the option that best fits your lifestyle and sustainability goals. Each alternative has its pros and cons, but the most important thing is to make an informed choice that suits your circumstances and contributes to your overall efforts to live more sustainably.


As we journey towards a more sustainable future, each decision we make, no matter how small it seems, contributes to the broader picture of environmental stewardship. The question, “Can you compost tissues?” might appear simple, but as we’ve seen, it is intertwined with various factors ranging from manufacturing processes to usage scenarios and composting setups.

Tissues, by their organic nature, are indeed compostable. However, due to potential additives and contaminants, their compostability might not always be straightforward or advisable. The decision to compost tissues depends on numerous considerations, including the type of tissues, their use, and the specifics of your composting system.

While composting tissues can be a practical way to reduce waste and enrich your compost pile, it’s essential to adopt best practices to ensure this process is safe and beneficial. And if composting tissues doesn’t align with your situation or comfort level, there are various sustainable alternatives to explore, from choosing recycled or bamboo tissues to adopting reusable cloth options or compostable tissues.

In the end, the goal is to strike a balance between convenience, safety, and sustainability. By informing ourselves and making conscious choices, we can contribute to a healthier planet and a more sustainable future, one tissue at a time.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.