How to Raise Nightcrawlers for Fishing?

by Sam Richards | Last Updated: September 20, 2020

Fishing can be frustrating! You might end up spending hours setting up your rig and waiting for a catch, only to end up empty-handed! Using the right bait can be a lifesaver. Among others, nightcrawlers are amongst the best worms to bring on your next fishing trip!

If you want to use nightcrawlers, you do not have to buy them every time! Instead, you can set up a mini farm in your backyard! This way, you will not only be making the most out of kitchen scraps, but you can also easily access the worms that you need as baits.

Interested in learning how to raise nightcrawlers for fishing? We got your back! Read on and learn from some of the valuable insights we’ll be sharing in this short article.

A Step-by-Step Guide for Creating a Nightcrawler Worm Bed

To raise nightcrawlers as bait for fishing, you need to create a worm or compost bed. This is where the worms will grow. This is also where you will feed them. Here is a quick guide on how you can do it like a pro:

1. Choose a Wooden Crate or Plastic Bin

Especially if you are starting your small worm farm indoors, pick a container that you can use as the worm bed. Clean the bin and drill holes. Flip it to drill holes on the bottom part. Drill 3/8-inch holes spaced at four inches. This will serve as the drainage holes. Meanwhile, on the side, use a 1/8-inch bit to drill ventilation holes.

2. Fill the Worm Bed with Paper

Now that the worm bed is ready with holes, the next thing to do is to fill it with shredded paper. This will be the preliminary bedding. First, tear the newspaper or any other paper into tiny strips. Soak the papers in a bucket with water. Remove a handful of the papers, squeeze, and spread at the bottom of the worm bed. Continue adding paper until its height is about a few inches.

3. Add Potting Soil

After arranging the preliminary bedding, it’s time to add the potting soil. Add three to eight inches of your choice of potting soil. The amount of soil needed will depend on the size of the worm bed. Choose a well-balanced and organic soil mix to make sure that the nightcrawlers will thrive.

4. Adds Natural Fertilizers

Once the soil is in place, you should add natural fertilizers. They will help supply the minerals needed to create a healthy environment where worms can grow. Some of the best things that you can add in the worm bed are food scraps, especially fruits and vegetables. Chicken coop and grass manure are also great. Do not add anything oily or with dairy as this can cause a rancid smell in your worm bed.

5. Put the Worms in the Bin

Everything should be ready at this point, so it is time to add the most important – the nightcrawlers. The number of worms to add will depend on the size of the container or worm bed. Avoid over-crowding. A good practice is to place two-dozen worms for every square-foot space available in the bin. Once you have placed the worms, leave them on their own, and watch them grow.

Care and Maintenance of the Worm Bed

It is not enough that you know how to create a worm bed. The latter is just the start of a lengthy process of raising nightcrawlers. Here are some things to do to make sure that the worms will survive:

Harvest Nightcrawlers for Fishing

Ready for your fishing trip? It’s now time to harvest the worms. Here’s a quick guide on how you can do this:


Anyone who has been out fishing would know that nightcrawlers are amongst the best baits available. Luckily, you don’t need to buy them! You can grow these worms even at home. Follow the things mentioned above and it won’t take long before you will have more than enough worms for your next fishing trip!